Formal and Informal English Formal English ~ Informal English ~ Standard English ~ Dialects ~ Slang ~ Colloquialism ~ Idioms Formal English: Formal English Carefully constructed sentences Complete sentences Avoids contractions Follows standard English usage and grammar Uses a serious tone Uses sophisticated vocabulary Examples include school. The two groups met for informal talks. Words that we use to convey message in our day-to-day conversation are informal words. Informal linguistic communication is more? normally used in state of affairss that ?are more relaxed and involve people? we know good. Management control systems These use a variety of methods to collect and use. There is no golden rule of arriving at the right mixture but the experienced managers and executives who are familiar with the ins and outs of the department and understand the nature of. Relaxed Pronunciation. Here are some major differences between informal writing and formal writing. You would use Formal English to write a complaint to the bread manufacturing company. For example: "According to Jack Spring, everyone should have the right to own a gun. , are all great ways to get students to focus on the problem and to stimulate thought through writing. In a column to the left of the examples you shall see where the examples are from. making a speech, working in the army, etc. In today’s post you are going to learn a wealth of useful information on how to greet someone for the first time, both in a formal and informal way. Friday - Writing an informal letter. A meeting is a gathering of people to discuss information, plan activities, make decisions and solve problems. Note: unless used in conjunction with a name Pak is not considered a second person pronoun, that is, Pak Bambang , or Bapak can be used in place of kamu but Pak by itself can not. mathematics. Instead, it is more often used for communication amongst friends and family. Formal writing is not just dictated conversation. We can take a formal system as being one with defined roles, defined expectations, defined technology and defined workflows. Father is a better word to use in. 7 Examples on Scenario Based Learning (SBL) for Formal and Informal Learning Listen to the audio version Scenario Based Learning (SBL) is used extensively as a learner strategy in online learning. Informal language has all purpose words. It talks about an informal topic. Often the most current and specific information about a career field may not be available online. Informal peer observation is a different process in which no judgement is made. A сomparison of formal and informal greetings, introductions and goodbyes. Flows with Daily Work Informal learning activities fit easily into a work day. Describe what the meaning of dialogue is. I'm sure that's true in just about any language. The ethnic mix is 83% white (generally of European descent, but also from the Middle East and Latin America), 12% African-American, 3% Asian and about 1% Native American. Wikipedia gives the following definition: Informal fallacies – arguments that are fallacious for reasons other than structural (formal) flaws and usually require examination of the argument's content. Answering casual questions or participating in laid-back discussions throughout the interview process can negatively affect the outcome of your interview. Informal French and French slang words and expressions, including verlan, with free audio files and exercises. Formal methods, for example, are more suited to mass communication from the higher levels of management. High quality example sentences with “informal and formal networks” in context from reliable sources - Ludwig is the linguistic search engine that helps you to write better in English. Tu - informal. However, you must do so in such a way that does not impact the 'cozy/non-threatening' environment that both parties enjoy. The other two lists depend on how formal you are writing. Dupont and a M. Documenting Conversations - Formal and Informal in the Right Balance Formal and informal communication are used together, for example when giving a presentation the primary method is oral, but including or following up with a recording, handout, recap or slide show can reinforce and memorialize what has been said. In English, it doesn't matter whether you're talking to your boss about a raise or talking to your mom about Sunday's potluck. So, you should be careful in using them. The speaker’s task is to choose the appropriate one for the situation. Often the most current and specific information about a career field may not be available online. Use the following techniques to play with different conversational tones: Use contractions like they’ll, he’s, and we’re, because these sound more informal. Informal conversations happen in multiple ways. For example: "According to Jack Spring, everyone should have the right to own a gun. Informal greeting, dan Popular greeting adalah pengucapan apa kabar. Formal, Semi-Formal, & Informal English Why is it important? Would you wear this to a job interview? No, because it's too informal. Formal verbal communication occurs with presentations or briefings to the steering committee, customer, or sponsor. Examples and. "Informal And Formal Seed Systems, Usually Enemies, Can It Be Otherwise?" by Intellectual Property Watch is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4. colloquial speech — language or words that are colloquial are used mainly in informal conversations rather than in writing or formal speech. The researcher should participate in the conversation. Management control systems These use a variety of methods to collect and use. family either in writing or in conversation. Hable más despacio. To introduce yourself, you can start with a phrase like “HOLA” or “BUENOS DIAS”. In the same way, using English that is too formal or too informal for the situation can cause a bad impression. New knowledge in this area is therefore required. Traditionally, formal reports have tried to give a sense of objectivity by omitting the personal I. Informal Education: Formal education is classroom-based, provided by trained teachers. Let's understand these points with appropriate example. Posted by Peter Baskerville in Aug, 2013. Informal English is used in everyday conversations and in personal letters. We reveal the interconnections between a diverse range of economic activities, both formal and informal. Informal communications can also be gestures (with no words). Right Mixture of Formal and Informal Communication: An appropriate mixture of formal and informal communication makes a business communication more effective. Ask for / Request. Recognizing Formal and Informal Language Features: Students use this resource to discuss examples of formal and informal language, as well as to begin developing a sense of what language features contribute to such labels. Talk with the individual walking you to the interview site. 20 SAMPLE OF A FORMAL LAB REPORT 2. Formal definition, being in accordance with the usual requirements, customs, etc. The honored ladies pass the plates to the remaining ladies, a progression that ends with the hostess. A mix of both the formal and the informal approach is highly recommended by experts. It is true that informal language abounds with idioms in this sense of the word. Weather is the ultimate small talk topic. A definition of formal communication with examples. Today's conversation is about informal greetings and farewells. One of the most common is “get” Examples: Deal with = handle; Make up = invent; Below are three lists of formal and informal writing. FEATURED RESOURCES. We've arranged the synonyms in length order so that they are easier to find. Free flashcards to help memorize facts about terms related to formal and informal English. This article lists some greetings in French as well as some examples to help you understand how to use them. Formal English is used in “serious” texts and situations — for example, in official documents, books, news reports, articles, business letters or official speeches. Click the audio link to hear a native speaker pronounce each word while you read. The two groups met for informal talks. The project points to the political and practical need to value informal conversations as part of the professional work and as central in a joint project to create rhythmic coherence in children’s lives. Depending on what the issue is, it may be appropriate to have an informal chat or verbal warning with someone rather than going through the process of issuing a formal warning. You use the same verb. As a result, passages were often convoluted and difficult to read. Er, and it. Example sentence: "Could. Learners can check against the sample answer provided in the PDF file. Formal and Informal Communication. Formal and Informal Coaching Coaching is a type of conversation intended to develop an individual's (or team's) capacity to be more effective and perform better. People spend a lot of time talking on the phone. Formal English is used in “serious” texts and situations — for example, in official documents, books, news reports, articles, business letters or official speeches. Europass or Youthpass). , engagement surveys, 360° or multi-rater assessments, employee lifecycle checkpoints, training measurements) Informal feedback comes in other settings, such as: Casual interpersonal interactions (e. Informal essays are much more personal when compared to argumentative, expository, or any other type of formal essay. I understand what you're thinking. Start studying Saludos y Despedidas: Formal and Informal Greetings and Farewells: Vocabulario ch. HR must deal with off the record conversations sensitively, and take formal action if the incident warrants it, says legal expert Maria Krishnan HR professionals will know the conversation well. For example: Some early leavers are more attracted to learning offered in a more informal environment and have their skills validated through non-formal mechanisms (e. In doing so, we complicate any clear narrative that might, for example, associate waged employment with economic security, or street selling with precarity and urban poverty. When the hostess goes to the trouble of preparing an elegant setting with silver, crystal and china the guests feel very special. Click on the audio jukebox to hear the expressions according to tracks. A business conversation with an authority is different from catching up with your best friend or a chat with the girl next door. For everyday classroom use, all that you need is an informal lesson plan. informal English. THE BASIC ELEMENTS OF THE INFORMAL REPORTS The informal report has five basic elements, arranged in a fairly standard form. The informal style is typically more casual and friendly. It keeps the members of the organisation informed about the internal and external happenings relevant to a task and of interest to the organisation. This way of thinking can better capture movement than the top-down analytical approach that we find in policy-based development studies or in a more structuralist understanding of the economy. Organisations use both formal and informal methods of communicating - and each is suited for a different purpose. However, it isn't always appropriate in writing. What are the formal and informal mechanisms of social control? Give examples. One is to give them mixed up formal and informal conversations or emails to sort out. Weather is the ultimate small talk topic. Where formal coaching is being used, both the manager and the team member will be clear that they are engaged in 'coaching' and will be explicitly committed to the process. Note: unless used in conjunction with a name Pak is not considered a second person pronoun, that is, Pak Bambang , or Bapak can be used in place of kamu but Pak by itself can not. There two ways in which business letters usually start: they make reference to a previous contact, for example, phone conversation, meeting, previous mail correspondence; or they are the first contact with the recipient. An employee review with a manager can be considered a formal communication when there's a written report involved. colloquial definition: The definition of colloquial refers to words or expressions used in ordinary language by common people. (informal) I requested a map because I was lost. You can also say your name using the verb SER with the structure [YO SOY + NOMBRE]. Formal - Textbooks, official reports, academic articles, essays, business letters, contracts, official speeches. As with all conversations in Spanish, you must also choose between the informal, singular tu, plural vosotros, or the formal singular usted, plural ustedes, with age being the most consistent factor in favor of using the formal address. Starting business emails Opening greeting 1. Agreeing/Disagreeing. The example I always use is the ubiquitous airport bar conversation. However, both are less formal than the formal verb comprehend. Formal example: Her father worked at a factory. Any child can turn to the mom or dad of the family (or the boss of the company) and casually ask them questions about something they brought up in a family meeting. For example, a group of friends will use different language on the phone than business associates. Flows with Daily Work Informal learning activities fit easily into a work day. Formal meetings present an organisations efforts or prospects to another organisation and usually involved two or more organisations for discussion and decision making. “No worries. The informal register (also called casual or intimate) is conversational and appropriate when writing to friends and people you know very well. They read and hear a passage of lyrics from a rap star and identify the type of language that is being used. A definition of formal communication with examples. What does informal mean? Information and translations of informal in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. For example, in an interview to get into University, you would not use slang or colloquialisms. It develops through spending time with people – sharing in their lives – and listening and talking. Summary of Differences between Formal & Informal English Informal Formal 1. While the words used in books, contracts, or business letters are formal words. Utilizzare questo powerpoint interattivo per esercitarsi le basi della conversazione e le differenze tra le conversazioni formale e informale. Want to speak Spanish like a pro? Then you will need to learn the business lingo. There are, roughly speaking, two basic types of English input: formal and informal. Dialogues and conversations are a fundamental part of any listening/speaking class. Bila di dalam percakapan Formal greeting ialah how do you do, percakapan Informal greeting ialah how is everthing, dan di dalam percakapan Popular greeting ialah how are you doing. Informal Writing Style. 10+ Formal Writing Examples & Samples in PDF | DOC Generally, writing isn't for everybody, just like how delivering a speech template isn't everyone's forte. Used in an appropriate context, an informal tone can help make your writing seem more friendly and natural. Have fun correcting each other. Decide if the situation is formal or informal, and choose the best word, phrase or response to fill the gaps. by Tony Jeffs, Mark K. Have fun correcting each other. The below checklist is for guidance purposes only, as it is recognised that the manager will need to determine how best to manage such a meeting based on the individual circumstances of the case. Informal language exampleJulie and her friend Nat were sitting together undera tree after having a very yummy and filling lunch. Home › Blog › Getting Formal About Informal Learning My Internet Time Alliance colleague, Charles Jennings, pointed me to this interesting article by Andries De Grip, titled " The importance of informal learning at work" that has interesting implications for the design of learning experiences, particularly when employees are not desk-bound. Informal words are shorter, and come from Anglo-Saxon, and formal words are longer, and come from French and Latin. Each has a place and should be kept in it's proper place. 3] Establish the main intent of the letter. Now, Ryssdal is a radio host and his interviewee was a presidential candidate, so you might think that the exchanges between the two were rather formal. GUIDE TO INFORMAL MENTORING Page 2 of 5 Roles for Mentors in Your Network You may have several colleagues in your professional network who serve in a mentoring capacity. For example, "¿Cómo está usted?" In informal speech and writing you'd use the "tu" form. There are many ways to ask a question. Formal and informal, written and verbal. Hence I used ‘discussion’ and ‘review’ for deliberating on the past, when I could have used. It is used in private conversation and we use it in personal letters. When the hostess goes to the trouble of preparing an elegant setting with silver, crystal and china the guests feel very special. " Basic French Phrases - Formal And Informal Ways Of Conversational French! EzineArticles. The information can be real or imaginary. Formal and Informal Style Tips and Examples Formal writing favors longer, more detailed sentences to thoroughly convey a thought. In English you’ll find formal and informal greetings that can be used in various situations. KW - Invisible work. Balancing Hard and Soft. Mediators can change the dynamic of peace. Start studying Saludos y Despedidas: Formal and Informal Greetings and Farewells: Vocabulario ch. Find descriptive alternatives for formal. Formal Diction is usually the language used by educated people when writing scholarly articles or are engaged in some form of elevated conversation. For Thai people ourselves, we often call it as “ ro-ong pák ” becasue it is quite easier and convenient for us to say. Sometimes they are between two people (or sometimes a small group) that just happen as the opportunity presents itself. Personal Form Nominator 6. , conversations) than in writing. Which would. It also includes the transfer of information with regard to memoranda, reports, directions, and scheduled meetings in the chain of command. Alternatively, there are also a number of disadvantages of informal communication, particularly concerning to grapevine. The examples are labelled ’formal’ and ’informal’- please note that most informal expressions are perfectly suitable to use in ’semi-formal’ situations, such as between business associates who have worked together for some time and have established a good relationship. Informal language uses colloquial expressions and slang more often. Many translated example sentences containing "an informal conversation" - French-English dictionary and search engine for French translations. Real sentences showing how to use Informal conversation correctly. 565) in a laboratory situation. The same idea can be transmitted through formal or informal language; The use of one or the other will depend on the context in which you are in the interlocutor. Formal and Informal Fallacies. OPENING A CONVERSATION: In Albanian (as in all languages), there are different ways to greet people in formal and informal situations. However, in other cases, such as when writing a business report, an email to a boss, or a thesis, the writing style must be more formal. Informal learning is a style of learning in which the learner sets their own goals and objectives. family either in writing or in conversation. The dialectic of formal and informal in that original paper is basic. Formal & Informal Italian (or When Should I Be Polite & When Can I Be Casual?) July 3, 2013 By Cher 12 Comments This episode's audio doesn't exist, and we have technology to blame (poof! gone into cyberspace!). South Africa's informal sector: why people get stuck in precarious jobs. Formal communication is any communication that is offered in the official capacity of the professionals involved. In a column to the left of the examples you shall see where the examples are from. You would use the informal 'tu' with friends, family and children. We can liken the difference between formal and informal learning to travelling on a bus vs riding a bike (thanks to Audrey Polce for this metaphor): • Once you jump on the formal training bus, your options are limited. Formal and Informal Rules. As we discussed earlier there is no set format when writing an informal letter. Informal communication is of course the opposite of formal. by Harvey Bluedorn Post may contain affiliate links to materials I recommend. Informal learning experiences outside school offer a potential bridge between social media and academic content. formal and informal education Formal Education - Definition: "Learning that occurs in an organised and structured environment (such as in an education or training institution or on the job) and is explicitly designated as learning (in terms of objectives, time or resources). " Basic French Phrases - Formal And Informal Ways Of Conversational French! EzineArticles. Examples such as diaries, journals, marginal notes, free writing, etc. It's common to use different greetings depending on whether you greet a friend, family or a business associate. To see how information is funneling from management to employees and from employees to co-workers it would be helpful to gain insight on how email, text messages, and tools like Status. These can be written in a lesson planning book and/or on the board. Semoga membantu. Formal and Informal Coaching Coaching is a type of conversation intended to develop an individual’s (or team’s) capacity to be more effective and perform better. In a formal essay the writer is a silent presence behind the words, while in an informal essay the writer is speaking directly to the reader in a conversational style. You use the same verb. They are unscripted and occur naturally. The doers in this type of communication assure the privacy and do not leak the information. Informal communication is communication between employees outside the formal communication structure of the company. Latest Teaching Jobs. In a formal organisation, it is the informal networks of working relationships and the informal groups which can have a bearing on productivity and resistance to change. Informal writing has the following characteristics. High quality example sentences with “informal and formal networks” in context from reliable sources - Ludwig is the linguistic search engine that helps you to write better in English. With the sentence you provided, I tend to think that the term suggests anything learned which was not taught within the four walls of a classroom. There are many benefits of informal learning activities: Low Stress With no formal testing, there is no high-pressure situation. Informal & Formal Vocabulary for IELTS. In the dog house. Vocabulary review: Basic Spanish greetings and introductions. Whereas the person you do not know each other , meeting first time, or the person who is aged than you in the sense of position ex. 7 Examples On Scenario Based Learning (SBL) For Formal And Informal Learning. Tannen is a linguistics professor who has written several popular books using her analysis of communication styles to help people understand how to communicate more effectively with people of the opposite sex, family members, and people of different cultures. Key terms are explained, in your language, at the end of each conversation. (A) There are myriad identifiable differences which separate the formal and informal styles of English. There are, roughly speaking, two basic types of English input: formal and informal. Social interactions, such as a quick catch up in the kitchen or a comment in passing, can be good for building rapport with staff and getting to know them. Once you know how to begin and end conversations naturally (a few formal and informal greetings and closings), you can focus on the middle of the conversation. The word dad is used in a familiar way, which makes it sound informal. Formal Redistribution and Informal Sharing: Evidence from Piped Water in Manila William Violette Brown University [Job Market Paper] Abstract Cities often regulate prices for public utilities to balance cost recovery with a ord-. In the same way, using English that is too formal or too informal for the situation can cause a bad impression. Formal Communication Channels. Let's learn how to use some other simple formal and informal English greetings, as well as fun slang expressions that people use to greet each other. In England, people sometimes use the shortened version of the expression to make requests in face-to-face situations as well. Here is an easy to follow step-by-step guide to managing a performance issue informally:. The Finnish linguistic situation is to some extent comparable to that of much of the Arabic speaking world, where Classical Arabic is used in official and religious speech and in the literature, whereas colloquial forms of Arabic are used in everyday conversation and in personal letters. FORMAL AND INFORMAL LANGUAGE IN MATHEMATICS CLASSROOMS It is clear from the literature that the relationship between formal and informal language in mathematics is not entirely straightforward. ask for feedback. If it's really important, use formal greetings. The two are planning how to spend their weekend and debating how best to go about it. There two ways in which business letters usually start: they make reference to a previous contact, for example, phone conversation, meeting, previous mail correspondence; or they are the first contact with the recipient. The examples are labelled 'formal' and 'informal'- please note that most informal expressions are perfectly suitable to use in 'semi-formal' situations, such as between business associates who have worked together for some time and have established a good relationship. assessments are connected through the general purpose for formative assessment. Group structure and processes serves specific purposes of controlling members, and of protecting group from management. Formal & Informal Italian (or When Should I Be Polite & When Can I Be Casual?) July 3, 2013 By Cher 12 Comments This episode’s audio doesn’t exist, and we have technology to blame (poof! gone into cyberspace!). We use cookies to enhance your experience on our website, including to provide targeted advertising and track usage. Vocabulary: Informal Assessments • 33 Assess Knowledge of Specific Words One assessment that uses specific vocabulary words, which is sensi-tive to incremental vocabulary growth and uses self-reporting, is the vocabulary knowledge scale (VKS) (Stahl & Bravo, 2010). These are all examples of informal verbal communication. Writing example of informal conversation between two friends Informal conversation between two friends Jane and Wendy are good friends and are having a conversation about their weekend plans. The paragraph is written in an informal conversational style, as if it were being narrated. English Greeting Expressions. The interviews often take up to two hours to complete (Holmes, Bell & Boyce, 1991). Start studying Saludos y Despedidas: Formal and Informal Greetings and Farewells: Vocabulario ch. Informal assessments can supplement regularly scheduled performance evaluations or even take their place completely, depending on the organization. The Informal Writing: these writing examples will be an. Everyday Debate & Discussion: A Guide to Socratic Conversation, Informal Discussion, and Formal Debate (Student Edition) not only shows students how to conduct informal and formal debates, but also how to develop good arguments by using solid logic and the resources available in their own thinking as well as the world around them. Informal language has all purpose words. The informal verb understand, for example, is more formal than the informal verb get. Formal methods, for example, are more suited to mass communication from the higher levels of management. Mediators can change the dynamic of peace. Back against the wall. There are two main types of communication in any organization which are formal and informal communication. Here is an easy to follow step-by-step guide to managing a performance issue informally:. Would you wear this to the beach? No, because it's too formal. Phrasal verbs used in conversation I looked up information about nursing positions. Describe an audience, and have students tell you whether the speaker/writer should use a formal register or an informal register. On Friday 13th we invite you to participate in a formal conversation. Health and Social care involves a lot of formal communication Essay Sample. So if you have the chance to engage in informal networking and have a conversation with someone outside of a formalized networking event, think of it as a opportunity. So why would he suddenly want her to select the clothes he wore to an informal party where he knew no one. There are some that are fine in formal speech and writing, and some are informal. Informal assessments have the advantages of flexibility and timeliness, but they don't provide any documentation that can be referred to later, if needed. Checklists can be used to “observe and evaluate skills as they are being performed” (Woolfolk, 2013, p. Formal Groups. Click the audio link to hear a native speaker pronounce each word while you read. South Africa's informal sector: why people get stuck in precarious jobs. For example, in an interview to get into University, you would not use slang or colloquialisms. Writing is informal when it has features similar to a conversation with a friend. Learning formal greetings introductions and goodbyes basic conversation English lesson Greetings, introductions and goodbyes conversation. Formal English is used in "serious" texts and situations — for example, in official documents, books, news reports, articles, business letters or official speeches. Casual dress is perfectly acceptable in the restaurant's very informal atmosphere. Formal methods, for example, are more suited to mass communication from the higher levels of management. The researcher should participate in the conversation. Saber Ingl s - Aprender Ingl s por Internet - Cursos de ingl s gratis, ejercicios, diccionarios y recursos para todos los niveles - Free ESL Course and Exercises. Posted by Manjusha Filed in Business English. Free conversation aims at eliciting 'natural speech', while the formal part of the interview is. An employee review with a manager can be considered a formal communication when there’s a written report involved. A formal intervention means having a structured conversation with the person. Once you know how to begin and end conversations naturally (a few formal and informal greetings and closings), you can focus on the middle of the conversation. Informal English is used in everyday conversations and in personal letters. Meaning, pronunciation, picture, example sentences, grammar, usage notes, synonyms and more. This article lists some greetings in French as well as some examples to help you understand how to use them. Traditionally, formal reports have tried to give a sense of objectivity by omitting the personal I. Use modals to speculate about who they are, where they are and what they are talking about. ask for feedback. The image below shows a completed T-chart. Informal definition is - marked by the absence of formality or ceremony. Benefits of formal and informal networks. Social interactions, such as a quick catch up in the kitchen or a comment in passing, can be good for building rapport with staff and getting to know them. Informal communication is of course the opposite of formal. Unlike informal letters which free-flowing and does not follow any format. A video created by management to explain a project and accessible through the corporate cloud is formal, whereas a video chat is informal. The informal social structure has as much to do with the way the organization runs as does. One such difference is Formal communication is also known by the name of official communication. Tips on Documentation of Employee Performance and Conduct. Working out when to use formal language and when to be informal is a big part of mastering a language… Formal and informal language serve different purposes. You can also find some practical examples to help you out. 4 Beware of Commonly Misused Words Some words are commonly misused. informal English. People spend a lot of time talking on the phone. This is done to enforce a company’s rules and regulations. Informal English is used in everyday conversations and in personal letters. For Thai people ourselves, we often call it as “ ro-ong pák ” becasue it is quite easier and convenient for us to say. Examples Of Formal Conversation. Formal, Semi-Formal, & Informal English Why is it important? Would you wear this to a job interview? No, because it's too informal. Working Spanish – Formal vs. Both a classic and a common migraine can hit you as often as several times a week or as far apart as a few times a year. asked by Casey on February 15, 2015; Spanish Help. Casual conversations are the kind you have with the lady in the check out line or your friends. Aside from a few fixed phrases and expressions, such as “감사합니다” (thank you), and “반갑습니다” (nice to meet you), this ending is rarely used in everyday conversation. Informal language isn't always a 'taboo' though. an informal conversation - French translation - Linguee. Answer (1 of 1): Informal meetings can include general staff meetings, work in progress meetings, sales meetings, training meetings, emergency meetings etc. Provide one example of each and describe the possible outcomes. Informal Language. example, the first time you introduce comic strip conversations have your child describe an activity that he/she enjoys (such as going to McDonalds, visiting the zoo etc. "What are you up to?" is an informal way to say "What are you doing?" This can be used to ask about what someone is currently doing in the present, or what they will be doing in the future (as in this example). KW - Formal and informal collaboration.